In North America, it has particular culinary significance, being featured in distinct national foods such as traditional root beer, filé powder, and Louisiana Creole cuisine. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. All of the trees in a colony may rise from the same parent. Dioecious (separate male and female trees). The fruits are readily eaten by wildlife such as quails, wild turkeys, kingbirds, crested flycatchers, mockingbirds, sapsuckers, pileated woodpeckers, yellowthroat warblers, and phoebes when they ripen in the fall. The medium green leaves are 4 to 6 inches long and 2 to 4 inches wide and will often have 3 shapes on the tree- oval without lobes, mitten-shaped and three-lobed. If a single trunk tree is desired, these will need to be removed. Female trees produce pendant clusters of .4 inch long-inch bluish-black drupes borne in red cup-like receptacles on 1 inch long red stalks. The sassafras (Sassafras albidum) is a large deciduous tree that grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9a. Noted for its remarkable foliage, Sassafras albidum (Sassafras) is an upright deciduous tree of dense, pyramidal to highly irregular habit with horizontal branches in cloud-like tiers. Fall leaves in Moore County. The trees can develop a variety of insect and disease problems that are generally not serious. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions. The sassafras is a known host plant for Tiger and Spicebush Swallowtail butterflies and several moths. The flowers of the sassafras tree give way to dark blue fruit, or drupes, favored by a variety of birds. Sassafras was present in 63 percent of the fragments, compared to 25 percent of the continuous stands . Sassafras albidum Figure 1. Sassafras albidum can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. Nees – sassafras Subordinate Taxa. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Adult Imperial Moths do not feed. More recently, sassafras oils have been determined to contain a carcinogenic substance (safrole) and many of the former uses for the oils are now banned by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Genus name probably comes from an American Indian name used in Florida.Specific epithet means white. Its 4- to 8-inch leaves emit a fragrant aroma when crushed, as do the showy yellow spring blooms. Fragrant spring blossoms are only the beginning of the Sassafras trees ornamental qualities. Grows at a medium to fast pace to 30'–60' tall with a 25'–40' spread. Sassafras develop a long tap root, so it is best to plant young plants. In New Jersey, fragmented mixed oak forests were compared with forests that were continuous. Oils have been used in soaps and fragrances. Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)Interesting Information About Plant: Sassafrass is a native plant to North America and was used by the Native Americans for various medicinal cures and a cooking spice (this was recorded as early as 1577). Sassafras grows on the moist, well-drained sandy soil. Fruit eaten by quail, wild turkeys, kingbirds, crested flycatchers, mockingbirds, sapsuckers, pileated woodpeckers, yellowthroat warblers and phoebes, black bears, beaver, rabbits, squirrels, some eat bark and wood, white-tailed deer browse twigs and foliage. Sassafras oil can be fatal to humans- 5ml can kill an adult and just a few drops can kill a child. Also can be grown as lawn specimens. All parts of the tree are aromatic. With it showy flowers, unique leaf shape, great fall colours and beautifully coloured fruit, this native tree is a great specimen for any landscape, native planting or … Middle-aged Sassafras. 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